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Small Mammal: Diseases by Name


Abscesses in Rabbits
 Rabbits can form abscesses in nearly any organ of the body as well as in skin, tooth roots and bone. The most common causes of rabbit abscesses are bite wounds that become infected and infections in tooth roots and tear ducts. Most facial abscesses are the result of dental disease.
Aleutian Disease in Ferrets
 Aleutian Mink Disease and its associated virus - What is it and what should you know?
Bladder Stones (1)
 There are many types of bladder stones each with a tendency to form in a specific breed or species under specific conditions. Here is information on some common forms of stone, with more to come in the future!
Bladder Stones and Sludge in Rabbits
 Urinary bladder problems are seen in rabbits of all breeds, of all ages, and of both sexes. Historically, these problems have been frustrating to treat and have a high recurrence rate. In recent years, veterinary scientific investigation into this problem and rabbit physiology has helped us to begin to grasp onto better ways to treat urinary bladder problems. We still are very far from completely understanding why and when stones and sludge form. However, treatment is now more successful and the recurrence rate has been lowered significantly.
Cats and Ferrets Had SARS in Laboratory Setting
 The big SARS outbreak ended in 2003, but several smaller outbreaks were reported in 2004, and public health officials expected further outbreaks in the future. However, as of November, 2017, the WHO and the CDC both indicate that there have not been any more cases of SARS reported anywhere in the world.
Disseminated Idiopathic Myofasciitis in Ferrets
 This term means a widespread inflammation of muscle and adjacent tissue of unknown cause. DIM emerged as a disease of concern to ferret owners and veterinarians in late 2003. Unfortunately no treatment regimen has proven effective against the condition and sadly death or euthanasia is almost guaranteed for any ferret with an accurate diagnosis of DIM.
Ferret Adrenal Glands
 The type of adrenal disease that ferrets get is different to that seen in people and dogs. In ferrets it is the reproductive hormones that are overproduced with overactive adrenal glands.
Ferrets Get Canine Distemper
 Canine distemper is a contagious disease caused by a virus. CDV can be transmitted to ferrets directly from infected animals of other species, or through contact with infected material such as shoes or clothing. In other words, you can bring CDV home if you are in contact with infected material in places such as the woods, a pet store, or a breeding facility. Using a canine distemper vaccine that is not approved for use in ferrets can also transmit CDV.
Ferrets: Gastrointestinal Disease
 A variety of signs can indicate that your ferret likely has some sort of GI disease, such as vomiting, diarrhea or abnormal stools, tooth grinding, weight loss or a thin body. The most helpful thing you can do as a pet owner is to be observant of any changes in your pet's behavior.
Ferrets: What Owners Should Know about Adrenal Gland Disease: You are being redirected to updated information on this topic.
 This Q&A answers all your questions about this relatively common disease in ferrets.
Ferrets: What Owners Should Know about Insulinomas: You are being redirected to updated information on this topic.
 An insulinoma is a tumor of the pancreas. Most insulinomas are comprised of beta cells that have run amok. The most common clinical signs include lethargy, weakness, difficulty rising from sleep, drooling, pawing at the mouth, weight loss, rear leg incoordination, collapse, seizures, and vomiting.
Head Tilt in Pet Rabbits
 Head tilts in rabbits are seen with some frequency and can be caused by a variety of diseases. Another common name for head tilt is “wry neck” and the “scientific” name is vestibular disease (which can include other signs besides the head tilt). Rabbits exhibiting a head tilt also experience a loss of balance. They may fall over or walk in circles.
Insulinoma in Ferrets
 In insulinoma, the endocrine situation is reversed from diabetes. One or more small tumors on the pancreas produce too much insulin. This high level of insulin leads to a significant drop in glucose levels and causes several symptoms.
Intermittent Soft Cecotropes in Rabbits
 This condition is the cause of numerous euthanasias and surrenders to shelters due to the high maintenance involved in cleaning the pet and the environment on a daily basis. In a nutshell, the problem is not the production of soft stool (the waste material that makes up the round, dry droppings) but that the cecotropes, the nutrient-rich droppings produced by the cecum, are abnormally liquid and cannot be eaten.
Rabbit Gastrointestinal Stasis
 Many rabbit owners are familiar with gastrointestinal (GI) stasis and its common causes. Stasis is a stoppage or slowing of blood, body fluids, or intestinal contents. Rabbit owners are aware that GI stasis is not a disease per se, but rather it is a common symptom of many rabbit diseases.

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